Our body has its own natural Cannabinoid system called the Endocannabinoid System (eCBs), as well as two receptors that are believed to respond to CBD: CB1 and CBD2.
- CB1 receptors are cells that help with healthy brain function. They have different jobs depending on what part of the brain they are located in.
- CB2 receptors are cells found mostly in the immune system. They detect things that cause inflammation in the body such as allergies or arthritis.
Researchers believed that the Cannabinoids in CBD attached themselves to the CB1 and CB2 receptors and that’s how CBD worked to relieve symptoms. However, preliminary research is indicating that CBD does not directly attach itself to the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Instead, it directs the body through the eCBs system to release its own natural cannabinoids.
This, in turn, produces more chemicals like dopamine for instance, which eases pain or serotonin and improves a person’s state of mind (otherwise known as their mood). The Journal of Experimental Medicine published a study that found that CBD reduced chronic inflammation and pain in mice and rats by targeting the A3 Glycine receptor (another type of receptor cell).
The Future Of CBD As A Medicine
The FDA just approved Epildiolex (an oral form of CBD) for two very rare conditions that cause epileptic seizures. As the scientific world begins to discover more ways that CBD can help with illness and health conditions, it’s possible that the future CBD could be a commonly prescribed medication.