The term Hemp was coined to describe the non-psychoactive (less than 1% THC) varieties of Cannabis Sativa — or as it’s more commonly known, Cannabis. But what is Hemp, what does it do, and how is it different to Marijuana? Let’s take a look. Before we dive deeper, though, we should note that the following information is for people over the age of 21.
What Is Hemp, And What Does It Do?
In short, Hemp is a non-psychoactive strain of Cannabis. Its seeds and flowers contain CBD and as a result, are used in health foods and a slew of other nutraceuticals — a product that not only supplements the diet but also assists in treating or preventing disease. It also requires less water to grow than a traditional crop, so it’s more environmentally friendly.
How Is Hemp Different To Marijuana?
Although both Hemp and Marijuana both come from the same species of Cannabis Sativa, they have a somewhat different composition. That’s because Hemp contains negligible amounts of THC — the intoxicating substance in Marijuana — and thus can’t get you high. Marijuana, on the other hand, can contain up to 30% THC, versus the less than 1% in Hemp.
Hemp also contains more CBD, a non-intoxicating compound with various medical applications, than Marijuana — which makes sense seeing as it was selectively bred for a range of consumer and industrial uses, with the fibers in the stalk being used to make rope, clothes and other textiles. Its seeds are also edible, making it ideal for various CBD products, like chocolate.
Is Hemp Legal?
Historically, Hemp has been illegal to cultivate and distribute in the United States; however President Trump’s Farm Bill, which was signed in December 2018, contains a provision legalizing Hemp, so in short: Yes, Hemp is legal in the US. But how does the government classify Hemp? It’s simple — Hemp is any plant of the Cannabis family that contains less than 0.3% THC.